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Mexican Art

168 Anon. [Young Mexican Couple] c1890s
Watercolour, 31.3 x 19.5cm. Repaired tears, crazing and creases, stains, paint loss, original backing.

169 Mexican Folk Art Retablos c1925-1961
Twelve oil paintings on flattened tin, each annotated with a description of events, some dated in text below image, sizes range from 18.3 x 22.3cm to 23.1 x 33.7cm (cut to irregular shapes). All with holes for hanging, some with slight bowing, undulation or minor paint loss.

These 12 retablos describe a variety of dangerous or near-miss events such as children being saved from a flash flood; a man surviving a storm at sea; people being chased by rabid dogs. A detailed list is available upon request. A Mexican retablo is a small devotional painting, using iconography derived from the Catholic Church. Most were created for giving thanks to a sacred person or saint who intervened in an event that posed a threat to their well-being. The creator would often paint the dangerous scenario they had experienced, write a description underneath, and note the time and whereabouts of the event. Ref: Wiki.
The group $8,800

170 Ray Bethers American 1902-1973
Taxco, Guerrero [Mexico], c1930s. Wood engraving, titled and signed in pencil in lower margin, 10.3 x 12.5cm. Minor foxing, crinkles and tape remnants to margins.
Taxco, one of the most popular wood engravings of Mexico by Bethers, was exhibited extensively, including at the International Exhibition of Wood-Engravers and Lithographers at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1934.

171 Prescott Chaplin American 1897-1968
[Mexican Village Scene], 1931. Hand-coloured woodcut, 18.3 x 27.3cm. Minor creases, foxing and repaired tears to margins, old mount burn.
From a portfolio of 12 colour woodcuts in an edition of 100, first issued in 1931. Published by Murray & Harris, Los Angeles. Artist, author and screen writer, Prescott Chaplin studied art under George Bellows, and writing with Jack London. In 1929 Chaplin made a series of Mexican wood engravings, which were shown with other works by him at numerous exhibitions held in the USA and abroad. His work was exhibited at the 6th Annual International Exhibition of Lithography and Wood Engravings at the Art Institute of Chicago held in 1938. Chaplin's work is represented in The Met, NY; Seattle Art Museum.

172 Isidoro Ocampo Mexican 1910-1983
10 Grabados En Madera (Woodcuts), 1941. Folio of ten original woodcuts, plus two woodcut title pages, editioned 38/50 and signed in ink with date "Abril de 1948" in Spanish on justification sheet, inscribed, signed and dated in Spanish in ink on title page verso, each woodcut signed, dated "40" or "41" and numbered 1 to 10 in pencil in lower margin, sizes range from 3.6 x 8.8cm to 13.6 x 8.8cm (images); 31.5 x 23.5cm (folio). Minor foxing overall, slight discolouration to folio page edges, each image tipped to original card backing.

Translated inscription reads "With great affection and warmth. To Rosalinda and her husband Hans. The Author, March 9, 1949." Justification sheet includes "1st edition of 50. Mexico, DF, April 1948." Held in British Museum.
The folio $3,900

173 Diego Rivera Mexican 1886-1957
Nude With Long Hair (Dolores Olmedo Patiño), 1930. Lithograph, initialled and dated in image lower left, signed, dated and editioned 78/100 in black chalk below image, 41.8 x 24.7cm. Minor foxing to
image upper right and lower centre, old mount burn.
Held in British Museum with the comment "Dolores Olmedo Patiño (Mexican, 1908-2002) was an art collector, philanthropist and close friend of Diego Rivera. This portrait was among the first of Rivera's lithographs and reveals the influence of Henri Matisse. It was printed in Mexico City and published by the Weyhe Gallery in New York shortly after it was made, as part of a series of more than a hundred proofs by the artist. In that series the sitter was not identified."

174 Diego Rivera Mexican 1886-1957
Nude With Beads (Frida Kahlo), 1930. Lithograph, initialled and dated in image lower right, signed, dated and editioned 91/100 in black chalk below image, 41.7 x 28.1cm. Minor stain to image lower right and margins.
Held in British Museum with the comment "This portrait depicts Rivera's second wife, the artist Frida Kahlo (1907-54), sitting on a bed wearing stockings and shoes and fastening rows of beads around her neck. An accident whilst travelling on a trolleybus during her adolescence had left Kahlo disabled; she was also unable to bear children. The couple both conducted extra-marital affairs, and divorced in 1939, only to remarry the following year. Kahlo died at the age of forty-seven. The circumstances of her death remain unknown but there is some suggestion that she committed suicide. Primarily a painter, Kahlo made only one print, a self-portrait in which she expressed her pain after a miscarriage in 1932. Rivera made this print in Mexico City a year after he married Kahlo, and it is one of the first prints he made when approached by Carl Zigrosser of the Weyhe Gallery. It shows the influence of Rivera's time in Europe, the soft curves of the sitter's body and the use of large, smooth surfaces resembling the style of Henri Matisse, particularly his Fauve works."

175 Diego Rivera Mexican 1886-1957
Boy With Chihuahua, 1932. Lithograph, initialled and dated in image lower right, annotated "no. 24", signed and dated in pencil below image, 42 x 30.3cm. Minor cockling and stains to margins.
Held in British Museum; The Met, NY, with the comment "Rivera made this print in New York in 1932 as part of a set of five lithographs commissioned by Carl Zigrosser of Weyhe Gallery. All five show details of murals painted by Rivera a few years earlier in Mexico. Boy with Chihuahua is a detail from his fresco The Rains, which forms part of the mural cycle in the building occupied by the Ministry of Education in Mexico City. The lithographs were printed by the leading American lithographic printer George C. Miller in New York." The image shows a boy eating a rolled up tortilla.

176 Millard Sheets American 1907-1989
[Mexican Travellers In Dugout Canoes], c1983. Colour lithograph, editioned 144/250 and signed in pencil in lower margin, 45.3 x 79.5cm. Slight surface scratches to image lower centre, old mount burn.
Widely-travelled Californian-born Millard Sheets was an award-winning, prominent American artist, architect and educator, He is considered to be the driving force behind the California-style watercolour movement during the 1930s. After winning several prizes for his paintings, he embarked for Europe, where he spent six months traveling, painting, and studying lithography in Paris. During the 1930s he made numerous trips to Mexico and Hawaii. He was an artist-correspondent for Life magazine during WWII. In 1960 he was contracted by the US State Department to travel extensively as an ambassador of American Art. Ref: Laguna Art Museum, exhibition Travels with Millard Sheets, 1950-1986, 2014.

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